Genomic loci for this biosynthetic pathway

Cluster Type From To
The following clusters are from record BGC0000196.1:
Cluster 1Polyketide19994

BGC0000196, anthraquinone biosynthetic gene cluster from Photorhabdus luminescens. Locus 1. Full MIBiG entry.

Chemical compounds

Compound: AQ-256
SMILES string: Copy to clipboard
Molecular formula: C14H9O5
Exact molecular mass: 257.04445 Da ([M+H]+)
Molecular activity: Unknown

Class-specific details

Biosynthetic class(es):
Polyketide subclass:
Other (cyclic)
Polyketide synthase subclass:
Type II
Starter unit:
Polyketide synthase / ketosynthase-encoding genes:
Genes involved in folding/cyclization:

Gene cluster description

anthraquinone (BGC0000196). Gene Cluster 1. Biosynthetic class = Polyketide. GenBank BX470251, positions 4907928-4897935. Click on genes for more information.


biosynthetic genes
transport-related genes
regulatory genes
other genes

General MIBiG information on this cluster

Complete gene cluster sequence?complete
Evidence for cluster-compound connection:Knock-out studies, Sequence-based prediction
Contact for this cluster:Helge B. Bode (Molecular Biotechnology, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany)

Literature references

1. Brachmann AO et al. (2007) A type II polyketide synthase is responsible for anthraquinone biosynthesis in Photorhabdus luminescens. Chembiochem 8(14):1721-8. doi: 10.1002/cbic.200700300.